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Dead man walking: an empirical reassessment of the deterrent effect of capital punishment using the bounds testing approach to cointegration

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Abstract:

This paper empirically estimates a murder supply equation for the United States from 1965 to 2001 within a cointegration and error correction framework. Our findings suggest that any support for the deterrence hypothesis is sensitive to the inclusion of variables for the effects of guns and other crimes. In the long run we find that real income and the conditional probability of receiving the death sentence are the main factors explaining variations in the homicide rate. In the short run the aggravated assault rate and robbery rate are the most important determinants of the homicide rate.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00036840500427288

Affiliations: 1: School of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Griffith University, Australia 2: Department of Economics, Monash University, 900 Dandenong Road, Caulfield East 3145, Australia

Publication date: 2006-09-20

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