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Is the Swedish central government a wage leader?

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Is the Swedish central government a wage leader? This question is studied empirically in a vector error-correction model using a unique, high quality data set. It is first shown that salaries of white-collar workers in the private sector and central government are cointegrated. It is then found that private sector salaries are weakly exogenous to the system of equations. This means that the private sector is the wage leader in the long-run model. It is also found that changes in central government salaries do not Granger cause changes in private sector salaries. Together, these findings clearly demonstrate that the central government is not placing undue pressure on salaries in the private sector. The central government is not acting as a wage leader.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Swedish Institute for Social Research, Stockholm University, S-106 91 Stockholm, Sweden 2: Swedish Agency for Government Employers, 103 65 Stockholm, Sweden

Publication date: 2006-08-10

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