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African terms of trade and the commodity terms of trade: close cousins or distant relatives?

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Abstract:

This paper examines whether there is a relationship between the commodity terms of trade (the price of primary commodities relative to the price of manufactures) and the net barter terms of trade of 42 Sub-Saharan African countries. For most countries, there is little evidence of a stable, long-run relationship between the two terms of trade series. Accordingly, the practice in the literature of proxying for movements in any given country's terms of trade by using an aggregate index of relative commodity prices is inappropriate, and is likely to engender misleading policy conclusions.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00036840600683244

Affiliations: Research Department, International Monetary Fund, 700 19th Street NW, Washington DC, 20431, USA

Publication date: May 10, 2006

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