Regional characteristics and the location of foreign firms within Poland

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This article investigates the location determinants of firms with foreign capital participation within Poland using the regional data set from 1993 to 1998. It is found that the concentration of foreign economic activity is positively related to industry and service agglomeration and the road network and negatively to the unemployment rate. Traditional regional characteristics such as GDP, wage rate and education, often regarded as important location determinants, are not robust with respect to the specification of the estimating equation. The special economic zone variable is not found to be statistically significant in any specification estimated. Geographic location dummies confirm that foreign firms prefer Central and South–Western regions over Eastern parts of Poland having controlled for their characteristics.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Macroeconomics and International Trade Theory Division, Department of Economics, Warsaw University, ul. Duga 44/50, Warszawa, PL-00241, Poland, Email:

Publication date: May 10, 2005

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