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Cartel formation and oligopoly structure: a new assessment of the crude oil market

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Abstract:

While economic theorists regard OPEC as a perfect example of a long-lasting cartel, energy economists strongly deny such view. Applying the ideas of New Empirical Industrial Organization, a market description is derived. Cartel theory and empirical evidence fit together well. Stable long-lasting cartels can be explained only for subclasses of market models and exactly such type of model is obtained here. A variety of different market models is tested. OPEC and the market for crude oil is best described by a price-leader model.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0003684042000191093

Publication date: 2004-07-01

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