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The safety of sea transport: determinants of crew injuries

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This study investigates determinants of fatal and nonfatal crew injuries in ship accidents, utilizing detailed data of individual tanker, container and bulk ship (US and foreign) accidents investigated by the US Coast Guard. Poisson and negative binomial regression estimates suggest that fatal and nonfatal injuries are greater: (1) if the accident cause is human rather than environmental or ship related and (2) for fire/explosion and multiple-ship accidents. The results provide strong evidence of a positive relationship between crew injuries and human causes of ship accidents, thereby providing support for the current shift in safety focus towards regulating human actions aboard ships rather than just the condition of ships.

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: November 1, 1999

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