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Active suppression of distractors that match the contents of visual working memory

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Abstract:

The biased competition theory proposes that items matching the contents of visual working memory will automatically have an advantage in the competition for attention. However, evidence for an automatic effect has been mixed, perhaps because the memory-driven attentional bias can be overcome by top-down suppression. To test this hypothesis, the Pd component of the event-related potential waveform was used as a marker of attentional suppression. While observers maintained a colour in working memory, task-irrelevant probe arrays were presented that contained an item matching the colour being held in memory. We found that the memory-matching probe elicited a Pd component, indicating that it was being actively suppressed. This result suggests that sensory inputs matching the information being held in visual working memory are automatically detected and generate an “attend-to-me” signal, but this signal can be overridden by an active suppression mechanism to prevent the actual capture of attention.

Keywords: Attend-to-me signal; Attentional suppression; Event-related potential; Pd; Visual working memory

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13506285.2011.603709

Affiliations: University of California, DavisCA, USA

Publication date: 2011-08-01

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