The spatial correspondence hypothesis and orienting in response to central and peripheral spatial cues
Two experiments examined visual orienting in response to spatial precues. In Experiment 1A participants were informed that targets usually ( p = .8) appeared on the same side as cues in a particular colour (e.g., red). Rapid orienting was observed, with both central and peripherally presented cues. In Experiment 1B cue displays were spatially symmetric. Participants were informed that target location (left or right) was usually predicted ( p = .8) by cue colour (red or green). Orienting effects were observed, but these were slower to develop and much weaker than in Experiment 1A. In Experiment 2A and 2B the cue was a single, centrally presented letter. We compared effects of spatially symmetric (T, X, v, o) and asymmetric (d, b) letter cues. Validity effects were present for asymmetric cues, but entirely absent for symmetric cues. These finding are discussed in terms of Lambert and Duddy's (2002) proposal that spatial correspondence learning plays a critical role in spatial precueing. Implications of the results for the distinction between endogenous and exogenous orienting are also considered.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Research Centre for Cognitive Neuroscience, University of Auckland, New Zealand
Publication date: 2006-01-01