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Le Mouvement national républicain: Moderate Right-wing Party or Party of the Extreme Right?

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Abstract:

On 24 January 1999 a new party was formed by the former Front national (FN) number two, Bruno Mégret. The Front national-Mouvement national was subsequently renamed twice: it became the Mouvement national (MN) following the loss of a court case, and later the Mouvement national républicain (MNR). Mégret claims that the MNR is a party not of the extreme right but of the moderate right, labelled by him the 'national right'. This is a definition with which many political analysts in France seem to have concurred. In this article Bastow analyses the extent to which the characterization is a true one. First, he outlines the context in which Mégret formed the MNR, focusing on his political background and the strategy which he previously sought to impose on the FN. An extended treatment of the policy proposals put forward by the MNR is then followed by an analysis of the extent to which these amount to a break from an ideology which can be identified as extreme right. He concludes by assessing the prospects for the MNR's success.

Keywords: Bruno Mégret; Front national; Mouvement national républicain; Nouvelle Droite; extreme right; third way

Document Type: Miscellaneous

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/003132200128810801

Affiliations: Department of Politics, Kingston University, UK

Publication date: 2000-04-01

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