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Cross-cultural Differences in Self-reported Decision-making Style and Confidence

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Abstract:

The Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire (Mann, Burnett, Radford, & Ford, 1997) measures selfreported decision-making coping patterns. The questionnaire was administered to samples of University students in the US (N = 475), Australia (N = 262), New Zealand (N = 260), Japan (N = 359), Hong Kong (N = 281), and Taiwan (N = 414). As predicted, students from the three Western, individualistic cultures (US, Australia, and New Zealand) were more confident of their decision-making ability than students from the three East Asian, group-oriented cultures (Japan, Hong Kong, Taiwan). No cross-cultural differences were found in scores on decision vigilance (a careful decision-making style). However, compared with Western students, the Asian students tended to score higher on buck-passing and procrastination (avoidant styles of decision making) as well as hypervigilance (a panicky style of decision making). Japanese students scored lowest on decision self-esteem and highest on procrastination and hypervigilance. It was argued that the conflict model and its attendant coping patterns is relevant for describing and comparing decision making in both Western and Asian cultures. Le questionnaire Melbourne Decision Making Questionnaire (Mann, Radford & Ford, 1997) mesure l'auto-evaluation des strategies d'ajustement dans la prise de decision. Le questionnaire est administre a des groups d'etudiants universitaires des Etats-Unis (N = 475), d'Australie (N = 262) de NouvelleZelande (N = 260), du Japon (N = 359), de Hong Kong (N = 281) et de Taiwan (N = 414). Comme predit, les etudiants des trois cultures occidentales individualistes (Etats-Unis, Australie et Nouvelle-Zelande) montrent une plus grande confiance dans leur habilete a prendre des decision que les etudiants des trois cultures asiatiques centrees sur le groups (Japan, Hong Kong et Taiwan). Il n'y a aucune difference interculturelle dans les scores de vigilance decisionnelle (un style prudent de prise de decision). Cependant, par comparaison avec les etudiants occidentaux, les etudiants asiatiques ont tendance a avoir des scores superieurs pour le transfert de responsabilite et la procrastination (style de prise de decision base sur l'evitement) ainsi que pour l'hypervigilance (un style de prise de decision base sur la panique). Les etudiants japonais presentent les scores d'estime de soi les plus bas et les scores de procrastination et d'hypervigilance les plus eleves. La discussion soutient que le modele conflictuel et les strategies d'ajustement qui en resultent sont appropries pour decrire et comparer la prise de decision dans les cultures occidentales et asiatiques.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/002075998400213

Publication date: October 1, 1998

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