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Explaining What Leads Up to Stock Market Crashes: A Phase Transition Model and Scalability Dynamics

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Abstract:

Mathematical descriptions of financial markets with respect to the efficient market hypothesis (EMH) and fractal finance are now equally robust but EMH still dominates. EMH and other current paradigms are extended to accommodate situations having higher information complexity and interactions coupled with positive feedback. The “herding behavior” literature in finance marks a significant recognition that interdependent trader behavior may result in deviation from normal distribution of returns, as does “chartist” trading. Further legitimization of the separate-but-equal status of EMH and fractal finance is pursued. Research on the nonlinear models giving theoretical underpinning to equations representing mirror markets as complex dynamical systems is encouraged. Why some herding- and chartist-behaviors scale up and then die off whereas others result in significant crashes is explained. The buildup to the 2007 liquidity crisis offers an example of nonlinear scale-free dynamics. Concepts from complexity science, econophysics, and scale-free theory are used to offer further explanation to physicists’ mathematical treatments.

Keywords: Herding; Imitation; Market crash; Phase transition; Self-organization

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/15427560.2011.602484

Affiliations: 1: University of Lethbridge, 2: UCLA Anderson School of Management,

Publication date: 2011-07-01

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