‘Reasonable’ perceptions of stalking: the influence of conduct severity and the perpetrator–target relationship

$53.17 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:

Abstract:

Ex-partner stalkers are more persistent and dangerous than stranger stalkers, but are less likely to be convicted of an offence. This research considers whether the just world hypothesis (JWH) can account for this apparent contradiction. An experimental 3×3 independent factorial design was used to investigate the influence of conduct severity and the perpetrator–target relationship on perceptions of stalking. Three hundred and thirty-four students were presented with one of nine vignettes and asked to complete five scale items relating to the situation described. Conduct severity and the perpetrator–target relationship produced significant main effects for the combined scale items. The perpetrator's behaviour was perceived to constitute stalking, necessitate police intervention and/or criminal charges, and cause the target alarm or personal distress to a greater extent when the perpetrator and target were depicted as strangers rather than ex-partners. Conversely, the target was perceived to be less responsible for encouraging the perpetrator's behaviour in the stranger condition compared to the ex-partner condition. The JWH provides a possible explanation for the influence of the perpetrator–target relationship on perceptions of stalking. Future research could utilize more realistic vignettes to increase the impact of the perpetrator's behaviour.

Keywords: JWH; conduct severity; perceptions of stalking; perpetrator–target relationship; stalking legislation

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10683160903203961

Affiliations: 1: Sellenger Centre, School of Law and Justice,Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, Australia 2: School of Life Sciences,Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh, UK

Publication date: May 1, 2011

Related content

Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
X
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more