Guilty and innocent suspects' strategies during police interrogations

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Abstract:

Deception detection has largely failed to investigate guilty and innocent suspects' strategies. In this study, mock suspects (n=82) were interrogated by police trainees (n=82) who either were or were not trained in the technique to strategically use the evidence (the SUE technique). Analyses revealed that guilty suspects to a higher degree than innocent suspects applied strategies in order to appear truthful. Guilty suspects reported diverse strategies, while innocent suspects reported the strategy to tell the truth like it had happened, indicating a belief in the visibility of innocence. The realism in the suspects' expectation about how their veracity was judged was largely dependent on the way in which they had been interrogated. The truth-telling suspects who were interrogated according to the SUE technique were optimistic about being judged as truthful; this optimism was warranted as the vast majority of them were classified as truthful. The SUE technique seems to help (a) spotting guilty suspects without them being aware of it and (b) spotting innocent suspects, and they become aware of it. That innocent (but not guilty) suspects can read how the interrogator views them is advantageous for the investigative process.

Keywords: Innocence; deception detection; guilt; strategic use of evidence; suspects' strategies

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10683160600750264

Affiliations: 1: John Jay College of Criminal Justice, City University of New York, New York, USA 2: Göteborg University, Sweden

Publication date: April 1, 2007

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