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A face in the crowd: The influences of familiarity and delay on preschoolers' recognition

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Abstract:

Preschoolers' abilities to recognize former caregivers were examined. Participants were 35 children from three preschool classes. Caregivers volunteered in the classes over a 7-week period. At an initial assessment, children were asked to select former caregivers from a line-up of five photographs, and to rank-order the caregivers by personal preference. Recognition was assessed again after 3 months. Although older toddlers performed at chance levels, clear age-related increases in recognition performance were observed, with older preschoolers recognizing 86% of the volunteers at time 2. Younger children responded less consistently over time than older children. Preference for individual caregivers affected recognition performance among younger, but not older, preschoolers. Implications for children's eyewitness testimony are considered.

Keywords: Eyewitness testimony; children's memory; episodic memory; recognition; suggestibility

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10683160418331294835

Affiliations: 1: Department of Psychology, Peace College, 15 E. Peace Street, Raleigh, NC, 27604-1194, USA 2: Department of Psychology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, NC, 27695-7801, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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