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USE OF PROTECTION MOTIVATION THEORY TO ASSESS FEAR OF CRIME IN RURAL AREAS

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Abstract:

Fear of crime has long been the purview of sociology, with attitudes more extensively researched in higher risk urban populations. A sample of 184 rural participants from 36 states in the USA responded to a questionnaire on experiences of crime victimization, and attitudes toward crime, using the multidimensional Protection Motivation Theory (PMT) model. For the entire sample, perceived noxiousness of crime and personal risk corresponded to a recent history of victimization. Yet, victimization did not appear to alter perceptions of efficacy of proposed response or self efficacy in response to crime. When sorted by gender, women did express differences in perceptions of efficacy based on experience. The findings argue for fear of crime as a multidimensional construct, with implications for both research and applied programs.

Keywords: Crime; Fear; Risk

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1068316021000072184

Affiliations: 1: Cates and Associates Fort Wayne 46895-5391 PO Box 5391 Fort Wayne, IN 2: Caylor-Nickel Research Institute Bluffton, Indiana

Publication date: January 1, 2003

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