Offender rehabilitation is a major goal of the correctional system. However, the debate over offender rehabilitation continues to divide scholars. Since prison-based education is the rehabilitation/treatment program most favored by the public, it is made the major focus of this study. This study argues that correctional education programs can work some of the time for certain offenders. Nevertheless, it is important that any assessment of the limits of correctional education rehabilitation programs on offender recidivism, must account for other considerations. Such considerations may be too important and too costly to ignore.