Power-control and social bonds: exploring the effect of patriarchy*
Social bonding theory proposes that individuals are constrained from delinquency by their attachment to significant others, commitment, involvement in conventional activities and belief in the law's legitimacy. Power-control theory incorporates the attachment variable into the revised control model, which purports to explain gender differences in crime; however, the other elements of the bond are not integrated. This study explores the usefulness of patriarchy for determining the extent to which males and females differ in levels of these elements of the social bond. It determines that males and females differ in levels of attachment and the degree of parental controls; however, little support for the integration of the remaining bonding elements into the power-control model is found.