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INNOVATION ACTIVITIES EXPLAINED BY FIRM ATTRIBUTES AND LOCATION

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In this paper, innovation activities of a firm are observed as its R&D spending and participation in three categories of innovation systems. The various factors that can influence a firm's innovation efforts are divided into, (i) firm location reflecting the regional milieu and (ii) firm attributes such as corporate structure, nature of the knowledge production, type of industry and a set of specific firm characteristics. The study is based on information about 2094 individual firms, which may be non-affiliated or belong to a group (multi-firm enterprise). The empirical analysis applies a novel data set to examine the influence of location versus a vector of firm attributes. Among innovative firms, the location of a firm does not influence neither the R&D intensity nor the frequency of interaction in horizontal and vertical innovation systems, when controlling the skill composition, physical capital intensity, industry, firm size and market extension. The paper contributes to the literature by observing that innovative firms have similar characteristics irrespective of where they are located, although the share of innovative firms differs between regions.
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Keywords: Corporate structure; Functional regions; Innovation systems; R&D

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Economics., Royal Institute of Technology, Centre of Excellence for Studies in Innovation and Science and Division of Economics and Jonkoping International Business School, Stockholm, Sweden 2: Royal Institute of Technology, Centre of Excellence for Studies in Innovation and Science and Division of Economics,

Publication date: 2008-01-01

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