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The dynamics of environmental innovations: three stylised trajectories of clean technology

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In this article, we explore the dynamics of environmental innovations developed by firms to comply with environmental regulations. Our analysis is based on a micro-simulation model of industrial dynamics. The question arises: how do firms competing in the same industry deal with environmental issues without altering their productive efficiency or the performance of the product? We focus on clean technology which seeks to combine environmental and productive dimensions by way of innovation offsets. Our simulations show that an innovative strategy based on a good balance between environmental and productive dimensions takes more time to develop and needs to address a 'competence destroying effect'. Finally, we study favourable conditions for the development of this type of clean technology and draw some policy implications. † E-mail:

Keywords: Clean technology; Environmental innovation; Industrial dynamics; Innovation offsets

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: IFREDE-E3i, University Montesquieu Bordeaux IV Avenue Léon Duguit 33608 Pessac France

Publication date: April 1, 2005

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