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Food Variety and Dietary Diversity Scores to Understand the Food-Intake Pattern among Selected Malaysian Households

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Food variety scores (FVS) and dietary diversity scores (DDS) were estimated based on foods consumed weekly by 285 Malaysian households using a food frequency questionnaire. The scoring system of FVS and DDS was based on a scale of 0–7 and 0–6 respectively. The mean household FVS and DDS was 164.1 ± 93 and 6 ± 0.4. The age of respondents (husbands or wives; p < .01), sex (p < .05), and household food expenditure (p < .01) had a significant influence on both FVS and DDS. The food-intake pattern of Malaysian households showed that their typical diets had high protein and energy-based foods.

Keywords: Malaysia; dietary diversity scores; food frequency questionnaire; food variety scores; food-intake pattern; households

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: 1: Food Science and Technology, School of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering,The University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia 2: Department of Resource Management and Consumer Studies, Faculty of Human Ecology,Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang,Selangor, Malaysia 3: Institute of Gerontology,Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang,Selangor, Malaysia

Publication date: 2012-07-01

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