Collecting and Learning to Identify Edible Fungi in Southeastern Poland: Age and Gender Differences

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Abstract:

The gathering of 17 folk taxa of edible fungi (most commonly Boletus edulis, Leccinum spp., Xerocomus spp., Suillus spp., Cantharellus cibarius, Armillaria spp., Russula spp., Lactarius salmonicolor, Macrolepiota procera, Boletus erythropus) was recorded in three villages in southeast Poland, but only 13 of them are gathered by children. Gender and age differences were small (apart from the fact that more adults than children collect non-Boletaceae species), and relatives of both sexes took part in teaching children about mushrooms, although fathers were most frequently mentioned as first teachers. Collecting mushrooms, mainly for own use, sometimes for sale, is still a culturally significant activity.

Keywords: folk taxonomy; foraging; inter-generational knowledge transfer; mushroom picking; mycophilia

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03670244.2011.586314

Affiliations: 1: Department of Ecotoxicology,University of Rzeszów, Werynia, Poland 2: Academy of Humanities and Economics in Łódź, Łódź, Poland

Publication date: July 1, 2011

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