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IRON DEFICIENCY IS AN IMPORTANT CONTRIBUTOR TO ANEMIA AMONG REPRODUCTIVE AGE WOMEN IN LEBANON

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Abstract:

The objective of this study was to gain knowledge about anemia is it relates to program planning. No recent data exist on anemia [hemoglobin (Hb)<120g/L, plasma ferritin (PF) normal], Fe deficiency (ID) [PF<15microg/L, Hb normal], or Fe deficiency anemia [Hb<120g/L, PF<15microg/L] in Lebanese women. A national survey of 540 nonpregnant women aged 15–49 years was conducted to find the prevalence and determinants of anemia and ID in Lebanon. Sociodemographic, health, and dietary data were collected. Hb and ferritin were assessed. Thirty-three percent of the subjects had ID and 13.5 per cent had Fe deficiency anemia. Eight percent were anemic (Hb<120g/L) with PF values>15microg/L. Women consuming<67 per cent of the RDA of hematinic nutrients had lower Hb and Fe levels. Strategies to improve Fe and anemia status are discussed.

Keywords: Anemia; Lebanon; Middle East; epidemiology; iron deficiency; women

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03670240490274101

Affiliations: 1: Department of Nutrition and Food Science, American University of Beirut, Beirut 2: Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Maryland, Maryland, USA

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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