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GENDER AND AGE DIFFERENCES IN ANEMIA PREVALENCE DURING THE LIFECYCLE IN KUWAIT

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Abstract:

Anemia remains a significant worldwide public health problem. Most studies of anemia and iron deficiency, the major cause of anemia, have targeted small children and reproductive age women. Much less is known about anemia in other lifecycle groups, especially preschool age children, prepubertal boys and girls, or in older adults. Yet recent studies indicate that anemia may increase the risk for chronic diseases and accelerate declining function in older adults. We examined anemia throughout the lifecycle in Kuwait by analyzing data from the 2002 Kuwait Nutrition Surveillance Program. Over 13,000 individuals of both sexes representing all ages were studied. The prevalence of anemia was higher in females than malesbetween 6 months and 3 years. From age 4 to 14 years, there was a reversal with males having a higher rate of anemia. Older females had a lower prevalence of anemia than younger females. These results imply certain policy options.

Keywords: Anemia; Kuwait; epidemiology; genderand age

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03670240490274093

Affiliations: 1: University of Maryland, Department of Nutrition and Food Science, College Park, Maryland, USA 2: Ministry of Health, Sabah Hospital, Kuwait

Publication date: 2004-01-01

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