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LAND INEQUALITY AND CONFLICT IN LATIN AMERICA IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

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Abstract:

In this paper, we study the association between land inequality and civil conflict using a panel of 18 Latin American countries spanning the twentieth century. We find a statistically significant relationship between land inequality and civil conflict onset. This finding is consistent with the ‘land maldistribution hypothesis’ and the view that inequality is important for understanding conflict in Latin America. It is also consistent with recent theories of conflict and the model of revolution applied by Acemoglu and Robinson in their work on political transitions.

Keywords: Civil conflict; Democracy; E0; Inequality; Latin America; O1; O54; land maldistribution hypothesis; revolution

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10242694.2011.558726

Affiliations: 1: Department of Business and Economics,University of Southern Denmark, Campusvej 55DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark 2: Jyske Bank, Vestergade 8–16DK-8600, Silkeborg, Denmark

Publication date: 2012-02-01

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