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The Naxalites and the Maoist Movement in India: Birth, Demise, and Reincarnation

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Far away from the glare of the achievements in the fields of information technology, a long festering Maoist insurgency is growing in the heart of India. The Maoists have found a strong base among the tribal people of India. By examining the history of Communist movements in India within a behavioral perspective, this article asks the question why in the past similar movements were relatively easy for the authorities to suppress, while the current Maoist insurgency is proving to be much harder to manage?1 "The Naxalites occupy an ambiguous niche in history. Exemplary idealist to some, he indicates to others an expression of immature disaffection that has nothing constructive to offer. In either case, he embodies the reinstatement of man as a moral agent if only because Naxalites so radically challenge the premises of established morality." - Rabindra Ray2 (2002, p. 2-3).

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Fred J. Hansen Professor of Peace Studies, Department of Political Science, San Diego State University and Director, International Security and Conflict Resolution,

Publication date: 2007-05-01

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