Living up to the Expectations Set by ICT? The Case of Biotechnology Commercialisation in Finland
Authors: Luukkonen, Terttu; Palmberg, Christopher
Source: Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, Volume 19, Number 3, May 2007 , pp. 329-349(21)
Abstract:This paper examines the dynamics and bottlenecks in the commercialisation of biotechnology in Finland by using the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) industry as a benchmark. The paper considers both ICT and biotechnology within the dynamic life-cycle model of technological revolutions by Perez. For an empirical comparison, it applies the concept of a 'competence bloc' as an interpretive and focusing device. A competence bloc may be defined as a set of actors, functional competences, and institutions that are necessary for large-scale commercialisation and industrialisation of new emerging technologies. In spite of the many differences between the ICT and biotechnology industries, the comparison serves as a heuristic device for pinpointing important features in the framework conditions of commercialisation in biotechnology. The paper shows that a major bottleneck in the development of the biotechnology industry in Finland is the scarcity of industrialists to transform innovations into large-scale production.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2007-05-01