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Using Bibliometrics to Measure Firm Knowledge: An Analysis of the US Pharmaceutical Industry

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A recent literature review highlighted the knowledge-based view as an important current theory in the strategic management area. The current paper utilizes that theory as the context for employing bibliometrics to uncover the publishing and patenting citation patterns in a group of twelve US pharmaceutical companies over a 13-year period. Our initial findings suggest that firms self-cite a great deal, and that they rely heavily on public science. In addition, we found that Merck and Co. is the most frequently cited company in both the science and technology areas, though somewhat less so in technology. The managerial implications, particularly from a knowledge perspective, are discussed as well as some suggestions for future research.
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Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Department of Social Sciences at Pennsylvania State University (Abington). 2: Department of General and Strategic Management, Temple University, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Publication date: 2000-12-01

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