If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email email@example.com
In two experiments, we demonstrate that intentional action intuitions vary as a function of whether one brings about or observes an event. In experiment 1a (N = 38), participants were less likely to judge that they intended (M = 2.53, 7 point
scale) or intentionally (M = 2.67) brought about a harmful event compared to intention (M = 4.16) and intentionality (M = 4.11) judgments made about somebody else. Experiments 1b and 1c confirmed and extended this pattern of actor-observer
differences. Experiment 2 suggested that these actor-observer differences are not likely to occur when participants are asked to “imagine” being an actor. We argue that these results challenge the substantial philosophical and empirical reliance on hypothetical thought examples
about intentional action. Our data offer new and necessary methodological avenues for understanding folk intentional action intuitions.