From the Portuguese House to “Popular Architecture in Portugal”: notes on the construction of Portuguese Architectural Identity

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At the end of the nineteenth century, Portugal witnessed a movement that had the nationalization of art as core concern. Among its aims was the determination to find a solution for the problem of the casa portuguesa [Portuguese house], one that not only provided all the comforts of the modern home, but also displayed indisputable national characteristics.

Inseparable from the contemporaneous ethnographic studies on rural architectural heritage, the movement of the casa portuguesa had difficulty overcoming the heroic image of the nation that the Manueline architectural style still represented. The movement not only produced architectural solutions for its own time, but is also helpful in understanding the emergence of a later form, the “arquitectura à antiga portuguesa” (architecture in the old Portuguese style), which characterized a significant part of national architectural output in the first half of the twentieth century.

Keywords: Portuguese architecture; Portuguese house; architectural identity

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: CEAA|Centro de Estudos Arnaldo Araújo,Escola Superior Artística do Porto, Portugal

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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