Modernism and National Identity in Brazil, or How to Brew a Brazilian Stew

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In the first half of the twentieth century, the second discovery of Brazil aimed to couple political independence with cultural emancipation, and demanded the invention of an authentic Brazilian tradition to serve as the basis of an autonomous modern Brazilian art. The quest for modernity was parallel to an intensified quest for brasilidade , emphasising all things that differentiate Brazilian culture from European culture. National identity was defined as rooted in race mixing, a cultural amalgamation of the European with the tropical. This article explores the strategies of Brasilianisation that Brazilian Modernist artists applied to their construction of Brazil's national heritage and their assimilation of Modernist cosmopolitan artistic trends.

Keywords: Antropofagia; Architecture and National Identity; Brazilian Modernism

Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: September 1, 2005

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