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Nation as artwork: the modernist aesthetics and poetics of Hagiwara Sakutaro˘

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This article explores responses to modernity and the challenge it poses to identity in Japan through the works of the poet Hagiwara Sakutaro˘. It concludes by arguing that, inspired by Sakutaro˘'s call to 'return to Japan', the Japanese Romantics transformed Japan into a spiritual project of overcoming the modern and the West - thus being superior - through the nostalgic construction of a cultural essence.

Keywords: Japan; Meiji period; National identity

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1460894032000124411

Affiliations: University of Puget Sound, Tacoma, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2003

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