The objective of the current study is to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following birth in a French sample, as well as to examine predictive variables. This study collected data from women at four different times: 48 h, 1 month, 4 months and 9 months post-partum. PTSD symptoms were measured using the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R). Predictive variables were examined with four questionnaires: the Labor Agentry Scale (LAS), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and a researcher-designed personal information form. PTSD rates varied from 5% (1 month post-partum) to 2.9% (9 months post-partum). Primiparity, birth preparation classes, transfer to a tertiary care centre, perception of external control, feeling of pain during birth and depressive symptoms were significant predictors of the global IES-R score. Results provide a basis for considering changes in healthcare delivery and prevention programs within the French perinatal healthcare system.
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Document Type: Research Article
Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Psychopathologie, URI Octogone, Universite Toulouse II Le Mirail, Toulouse, France
CHU de Toulouse, Service de Gynecologie Obstetrique, Hopital Paule de Viguier, Toulouse, France
Publication date: 01 April 2011