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Post-traumatic stress disorder related to birth: a prospective longitudinal study in a French population

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The objective of the current study is to determine the prevalence of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following birth in a French sample, as well as to examine predictive variables. This study collected data from women at four different times: 48 h, 1 month, 4 months and 9 months post-partum. PTSD symptoms were measured using the Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R). Predictive variables were examined with four questionnaires: the Labor Agentry Scale (LAS), the Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support (MSPSS), the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) and a researcher-designed personal information form. PTSD rates varied from 5% (1 month post-partum) to 2.9% (9 months post-partum). Primiparity, birth preparation classes, transfer to a tertiary care centre, perception of external control, feeling of pain during birth and depressive symptoms were significant predictors of the global IES-R score. Results provide a basis for considering changes in healthcare delivery and prevention programs within the French perinatal healthcare system.
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Keywords: childbirth; labour; longitudinal; mother/s; postnatal depression

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Centre d'Etudes et de Recherches en Psychopathologie, URI Octogone, Universite Toulouse II Le Mirail, Toulouse, France 2: CHU de Toulouse, Service de Gynecologie Obstetrique, Hopital Paule de Viguier, Toulouse, France

Publication date: 01 April 2011

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