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Emerging Contexts of Second-Generation Labour Markets in the United States

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Abstract:

In this paper I examine how local labour market contexts matter for the Hispanic adult children of immigrants in the United States. Specifically, I consider how these workers fit into ethnic divisions of labour in five metropolitan areas: the traditional immigrant cities of Los Angeles, New York and Chicago, and the newer immigrant gateways of Atlanta and Phoenix. I focus on the changing economies of these cities in the 1990s, and how industrial changes affect the jobs and relative wages available to immigrants and their adult children. I also examine the extent to which the adult children of immigrants are occupationally clustered in 'immigrant jobs'. Intergenerational occupational shifts vary by metropolitan area, but are heavily gendered across all of them. I also discuss the interactions of other scales of context, since state and national-level legislation, local organising efforts and internal migration all shape the settings within which the children of immigrants come of age.

Keywords: 1.5 Generation; Ethnic Division of Labour; Inequality; Labour Markets; Occupations

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13691830903006135

Publication date: August 1, 2009

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