With the break-up of the Soviet Union, emigration from its successor states has increased considerably since the beginning of the 1990s. The most important receiving country of this outmigration has been Germany, which admitted approximately 1.63 million ethnic Germans and 120,000 Jews from the former Soviet Union between 1990 and 1999. In this article I explore the background and the implications of this recent emigration movement of Germans and Jews from the former Soviet Union to Germany. First, the migration movement of ethnic Germans and Jews will be described in the light of the German admission policy. Second, the social and cultural background and the emigration motivation of German and Jewish migrants will be examined. Finally, the integration of these recent immigrant groups from the former Soviet Union into Germany will be explored, with reference to the concept of segmented assimilation.