The fundamental right of data protection in the European Union: in search of an uncharted right
Authors: Fuster, Gloria González; Gellert, Raphaël
Source: International Review of Law, Computers & Technology, Volume 26, Number 1, 1 March 2012 , pp. 73-82(10)
Abstract:The entry into force of the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and the ensuing introduction of the right to data protection as a new fundamental right in the legal order of the EU has raised some challenges. This article is an attempt to bring clarity on some of these questions. We will therefore try to address the issue of the place of the right to the protection of personal data within the global architecture of the Charter, but also the relationship between this new fundamental right and the already existing instruments. In doing so, we will analyse the most pertinent case law of the Court of Luxembourg, only to find out that it creates more confusion than clarity. The lesson we draw from this overview is that the reasoning of the Court is permeated by a ‘privacy thinking’, which consists not only in overly linking the rights to privacy and data protection, but also in applying the modus operandi of the former to the latter (which are different we contend). The same flawed reasoning seems to be at work in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights. Therefore, it is crucial that the different modi operandi be acknowledged, and that any upcoming data protection instrument is accurately framed in relation with Article 8 of the Charter.
Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Law Science Technology & Society (LSTS),Building B, room 4B306, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Pleinlaan 2B-1050,Brussels, Belgium
Publication date: March 1, 2012