Conditions of Employment of Residential Direct-Care Staff in The Netherlands as Related to Their Distribution of Activities
This study investigated the relationship between conditions of employment of direct-care staff in The Netherlands and the distribution of their activities in residential facilities for people with intellectual disability. Three hundred and eighty-eight direct-care staff working at 39 living groups in 10 residential facilities participated. Data were obtained by natural observations. The results suggest that (a) leaders of living groups are clearly different from other direct-care staff in terms of their distribution of activities, (b) educational and training level of staff did not differentially affect resident-oriented care, and (c) extent of contract does affect time staff spend on organisation and housekeeping. Generally, employee characteristics tended to affect nonresident-oriented activities of direct-care staff (i.e., organisation, housekeeping, and off-task) rather than resident-oriented activities, such as stimulative custodial care, recreation, and training.
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