Sustainability and Risk: The Case of Russia
The majority of recent concepts of sustainable development assume that all societies will sooner or later reach the state of sustainable development, the question being how. For Russia, the question is another one: how can a society survive in the course of the long-term process of its devolution. At present, Russia and several other of the so-called transition societies are maintaining their sustainability at the expense of de-modernization, and the over-exploitation of natural and human resources, and there is a return to the values and structures of a traditional society. The paper attempts to adapt the concepts of the risk society developed by Ulrich Beck and Antony Giddens for a comprehension of Russian reality with a focus on the relationships between risk production, dissemination and sustainability.