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Élitism to Inclusion - Some Developmental Tension

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Higher education as a system is a recent phenomenon. In the developmental process, particularly over the past 35 years, tensions have built up which are grounded in competing beliefs and aspirations about the form and shape of higher education. This paper examines some of the competing tensions and evaluates some of the implications of progressing from an élite to a universal higher education system. The pressure by Government to raise standards and to provide an educated skill base to maintain a competitive edge in a global economy can be seen against an internal higher education world holding on to 'élite instincts and traditions'.

Document Type: Research Article


Affiliations: Liverpool Hope University College, Hope Park, Liverpool L16 9JD, UK

Publication date: December 1, 2000

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