This article explores the issue of post-accession adherence to EU conditions, looking at the case of the Roma. It asks why policies, institutions and programmes put in place by new member states in order to meet EU membership requirements and expectations remain in place after enlargement.
It finds that EU conditions have had enduring effects because the key precipitating factors during the accession period almost all remain in some form after accession. These factors include EU attention and expectations, EU funding and capacity building, EU law, NGO advocacy and monitoring,
other international programmes and commitments and pressures related to Roma migrants.