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The National Ideology and the Basis of the Lukashenka Regime in Belarus

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Abstract:

The rule of Alyaksandr Lukashenka in Belarus has created one of the most resilient authoritarian regimes in post-communist Europe but the sources of its stability have not been clearly understood until now. The article suggests that President Lukashenka's authority is sustained on the basis of a national ideology, which he uses to drive his economic, social and foreign policies. The Belarusian transition reveals a new type of national mobilisation in the post-communist area: egalitarian nationalism. It is suggested that this ideology provides the principal source of the failure of democratisation and the authoritarian consolidation in post-Soviet states such as Belarus.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09668130802292234

Affiliations: Sovetnik, London

Publication date: 2008-10-01

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