Within the framework of the 1993 constitution, and in a political context deprived of stable parties, can the Russian Constitutional Court be strong enough to rebuild a balanced constitutional system? The early days of the Constitutional Court were deeply marked by the tumultuous political situation of the early post-Soviet period. The Court had to show self-restraint in order to avoid any further politicisation and is still not able to directly sanction presidential legal acts. But case law also reveals a progressive evolution of its means of action. The Court has adapted methods of control and is participating in the stabilisation and democratisation of the new state.