‘Babilonias rebeldes de cristales’: el tópico épico de la tempestad en el Poema heroico (1666) de Domínguez Camargo

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Abstract:

Desde la Odisea de Homero, la descripción de la tormenta marina deviene en un motivo poético fundamental. Se diría que, desde entonces, todo poema épico debe tener su propia poetica tempestas . El Poema heroico de San Ignacio de Loyola (1666), compuesto por Hernando Domínguez Camargo, constituye un conspicuo ejemplo de la rigurosa elaboración erudita del tópico en la poesía española del Siglo de Oro. Siguiendo estrechamente las formulaciones del tema en Homero, Virgilio, Ovidio, Lucano y Valerio Flaco, el poeta colonial selecciona, aprovecha, combina y desarrolla los diversos topoi implicados, en tanto que renueva las imágenes clásicas sometiéndolas al molde poético del culteranismo. Domínguez Camargo elabora el tema en tres pasajes de su poema épico, a los que dota de ámbitos de imaginería particulares por mor de la variación, aunque la apelación a la mitología clásica constituye un motivo común a todos ellos.

From Homer's Oddysey, the depiction of a wild storm at sea becomes a major poetical theme. It seems that, thenceforth, every epic must have its own poetica tempestas . The Poema heroico de San Ignacio de Loyola (1666), written by Hernando Domínguez Camargo, is a conspicuous example of the meticulously erudite elaboration of the traditional theme in seventeenth-century Spanish poetry. Following closely the tempest depictions by Homer, Virgil, Ovid, Lucan and Valerius Flaccus, the colonial poet selects, exploits, combines and develops the diverse topoi involved, renewing the classical images by submitting them to the poetic standards of the culteranismo . Domínguez Camargo elaborates the theme in three passages of his epic, providing each a different imagery background in order to pursue variety, although allusions to classical mythology emerge as a common motif.

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14753820.2012.646810

Affiliations: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid,

Publication date: January 1, 2012

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