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Ought, obligation and duty 1 I am indebted to Prof. P. Herbst for helpful discussions on this subject, and to Dr. J. Burnheim, Mr. S. I. Benn, Prof. R. L. Franklin and Mr. G. Molnar for helpful comments on earlier versions of the paper.
Implications of causal propagation outside the null cone
A contribution towards the development of the causal theory of knowledge 1 Cf. D. M. Armstrong, A Materialist Theory of Mind (London, 1968), Chapter 9; ‘A Causal Theory of Knowledge' by Alvin I. Goldman, The Journal of Philosophy , Vol. LXIV, No. 12, June 22, 1967. A striking parallelism would appear to exist between ‘the causal theory of knowledge' and the orthodox Stoic doctrine regarding the kataleptike phantasia . See, for example, Sextus Empiricus, Adversus Mathematicos 7.248 (reprinted in Stoicorum Veterum Fragmenta , edited by H. F. A. von Arnim, Leipzig, 1921, Volume I, page 18, 59C): ‘An apprehensive appearance is one which has been stamped and sealed by the actual, and in accordance with the actual thing itself, in such a way that it would not be produced by what is not (the) actual' (I am indebted for the wording of this somewhat controversial translation to my colleague Mr. M. B. Wallace). See the discussion and additional ref
Psychophysical and theoretical identifications*Previous versions of this paper were presented at a conference on Philosophical Problems of Psychology held at Honolulu in March, 1968; at the annual meeting of the Australasian Association of Philosophy held at Brisbane in August, 1971; and at various university colloquia. This paper is expected to appear also in a volume edited by Chung-ying Cheng.
Causal relations and the individuation of actions
Quine on Natural Kinds
Wolff on violence
On defining incorrigibility
Armstrong's proof of the realist account of dispositional properties
Notes and news