'Kusvika taparadzaniswa nerufu' (Until death do us part)
A cross-sectional study of 7 667 non-virgins between 15 and 54 years of age was carried out to assess the protective effect of marriage against HIV acquisition in a rural population in Zimbabwe, whilst taking into account gender-differentials in risk factors for seroconversion. Persons in stable first marriages and long-term consensual cohabiting unions had higher odds of HIV infection than never-married people but a lower risk than those who had been divorced or widowed, even after adjusting for known confounders and significant risk factors for infection. Partner-related risk factors appear to play a more pivotal role in determining HIV prevalence in females than for males, for whom personal sexual behaviour risk factors are more dominant.
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Document Type: Research Article
Human Sciences Department, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, United Kingdom
Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London University, 49–51 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP, United Kingdom
Biomedical Research and Training Institute, University of Zimbabwe Campus, PO Box CY1753, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe
Publication date: 2004-05-01
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