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'Kusvika taparadzaniswa nerufu' (Until death do us part)

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A cross-sectional study of 7 667 non-virgins between 15 and 54 years of age was carried out to assess the protective effect of marriage against HIV acquisition in a rural population in Zimbabwe, whilst taking into account gender-differentials in risk factors for seroconversion. Persons in stable first marriages and long-term consensual cohabiting unions had higher odds of HIV infection than never-married people but a lower risk than those who had been divorced or widowed, even after adjusting for known confounders and significant risk factors for infection. Partner-related risk factors appear to play a more pivotal role in determining HIV prevalence in females than for males, for whom personal sexual behaviour risk factors are more dominant.
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Keywords: HIV; MARITAL STATUS; RURAL; ZIMBABWE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Human Sciences Department, Loughborough University, Leicestershire, LE11 3TU, United Kingdom 2: Centre for Population Studies, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London University, 49–51 Bedford Square, London WC1B 3DP, United Kingdom 3: Biomedical Research and Training Institute, University of Zimbabwe Campus, PO Box CY1753, Causeway, Harare, Zimbabwe

Publication date: 2004-05-01

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