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Perspectivization in Fiction

A Deictic Study of Wole Soyinka's Aké

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This essay examines how characters are perspectivized in Wole Soyinka's Aké through deictics, motivated by the gap existing in the literature both in this aspect of Soyinka's works in particular and in linguistic approaches to fiction in general. All of the conversations between the characters in the text are sampled and analyzed, using insights from literary pragmatic theories. The findings reveal that deictics of place, time, and person, which make proximal and distal references, are used to express the involvement of characters in issues or events, to indicate where they seek other characters' views, to keep other characters or their actions in view, and to bring other characters into focus. The essay concludes that deictics are useful pragmatic resources for examining how fictional characters are developed in narrative.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: August 1, 2011


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