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In the Name of Hygieia and Hippocrates: A Quest for the Preservation of Health and Virtue

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Besides random self-help, medicine considered health preservation among its loftiest goals since Antiquity. Body, mind and environment appeared inextricably linked. Lifestyle advice, formulated within the Galenic framework of the 'six non-natural things', included air, food and drink, sleep and wakefulness, exercise, bodily evacuations, and emotions. Such pursuits were ideally suited to the social realities of the Enlightenment. This inquiry reveals the recommendations made by a prominent Scottish physician, William Cullen, to improve the health of his patients. The information is based on unpublished essays and consultation letters, focusing on his clients' constitution and temperament, climate and seasons, lodgings, diet and bodily functions, as well as emotional states.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2005

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