Der Begriff der Gestalt in Friedrich Gundolfs wissenschaftlichen Darstellungen
Author: Ratti, Fiorenza
Source: Amsterdamer Beiträge zur neueren Germanistik, Wege des essayistischen Schreibens im deutschsprachigen Raum (1900-1920). Herausgegeben von Marina Marzia Brambilla und Maurizio Pirro , pp. 245-260(16)
Abstract:Friedrich Gundolf's scientific works abandon a perspective centred on materials and facts, and focus their attention on ideas and forces, on the figure of the poet as the creative man, on the 'whole' [das Ganze] and the 'all-human' [Gesamtmenschliches], on the 'absolute' [Absolutes] and “superior” [Überragendes], on art and the artwork itself, instead of focusing on presuppositions, sources, relationships etc. Thus art must again be recognised for its own value, and must be a reality and a truth, and regarded as the 'power of life' [Lebensmacht]. Gundolf considered art / poetry – as well as the history of literature – as above all the shaping of the living spirit, embodied in the 'Great Man' [Gesamtmensch].
From beginning to end, these measures of value which distinguished Gundolf's life and scientific activity lead back to the doctrine of his master Stefan George. According to George, the scientific ideal, which must serve 'life', must find its primary source of inspiration in art. A conception of art as an instrument for a hoped renovation – independent of any isolated aesthetic principle – constitutes a directive also for Gundolf as Stefan George's disciple.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2010