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Exploring representations and experiences of case-management users: towards difficulties and solutions to leading qualitative interviews with older people with complex living conditions

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Abstract:

Background: By matching needs to resource services, case management could be a useful tool for improving the care of older people with complex living conditions. Collecting and analysing the users' experiences represents a good way to evaluate the effectiveness and efficiency of a case-management service. However, in the literature, fieldwork is very rarely considered and the users included in qualitative research seem to be the most accessible.

Aim: This study was undertaken to describe the challenges of conducting qualitative research with older people with complex living conditions in order to understand their experiences with case-management services.

Methods: Reflective analysis was applied to describe the process of recruiting and interviewing older people with complex living conditions in private homes, describing the protocol with respect to fieldwork chronology. The practical difficulties inherent in this type of study are addressed, particularly in terms of defining a sample, the procedure for contacting the users and conducting the interview. The users are people who suffer from a loss of autonomy because of cognitive impairment, severe disease and/or psychiatric or social problems. Notably, most of them refuse care and assistance.

Results: Reflective analysis of our protocol showed that the methodology and difficulties encountered constituted the first phase of data analysis.

Conclusion: Understanding the experience of users of case management to analyse the outcomes of case-management services requires a clear methodology for the fieldwork.

Keywords: CASE MANAGEMENT; ELDERLY; FIELDWORK; INTERVIEW; QUALITATIVE METHODS

Document Type: Regular Paper

Affiliations: 1: Epsylon, Université de Montpellier, France; Biodémographie de la longévité et de la vitalité (équipe 4, INSERM U 710), 34298 Montpellier Cedex 5, France. Frederic.balard@gmail.com 2: Institut National de Prévention et d'Education pour la Santé (INPES), Saint-Denis, France 3: Fondation Nationale de Gérontologie, Paris, France 4: Hôpital Européen Georges-Pompidou, Paris, France 5: CHU de Rennes, Service de Gériatrie, Rennes, France; Laboratoire Santé Environnement Vieillissement, INSERM, Université de Versailles–Saint-Quentin, Paris, France; Université de Rennes, France

Publication date: September 1, 2013

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