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Kabuki syndrome: diagnostic and treatment considerations

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Abstract:

Kabuki syndrome (KS) is a rare genetic disorder first diagnosed in 1981. Unknown by most primary care physicians and clinicians in the mental health fields, children with KS present with unique facial characteristics, mental retardation, health problems and socio-emotional delays that are often mistaken for other diagnostic problems. Literature detailing the psychological and psychosocial features of this disorder is scant, and psychotherapeutic approaches have not been described. In this article, we present a case description and treatment of a child with KS and her family. A brief review of KS is then provided, highlighting its signs and symptoms. Factors related to differential diagnoses are identified to aid primary care and mental health clinicians in better understanding this unique syndrome. Interventions with similar populations are discussed from which a psychological approach to KS is suggested. Finally, implications for primary care physicians are described and suggestions for further research indicated.

Keywords: DIFFERENTIAL DIAGNOSIS; KABUKI SYNDROME; PSYCHOSOCIAL TREATMENT

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Candidate for Licensure 2: Associate Professor, Director, International Disaster Psychology, Graduate School of Professional Psychology, University of Denver, USA

Publication date: September 1, 2012

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