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Depression and subjective quality of life among outpatients with diabetes mellitus at a teaching hospital in Nigeria

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Abstract:

Objective: To determine the relationship between depression and the subjective assessment of quality of life (QoL) in a sample of patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) attending outpatient clinics at a regional university teaching hospital in Nigeria.

Methods: A cross-section of 200 patients were administered the depression module of the Schedule for the Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry (SCAN) and the World Health Organization Quality of Life assessment – brief version (WHOQoL-Bref) over a two-month study period.

Results: A major depressive disorder (MDD) was diagnosed in 30% of patients. MDD was significantly associated with lower mean scores on the facets of overall QoL (p<0.01) and health satisfaction (p<0.01), but not in the domains of physical health (p=0.67), psychological health (p=0.59), environment (p=0.70), or social relations (p=0.58) of the WHOQoL-Bref.

Conclusion: Depression is associated with a poorer subjective assessment of QoL among DM patients in Nigeria.

Keywords: DEPRESSION; DIABETES; NIGERIANS; QUALITY OF LIFE

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Consultant Psychiatrist, Department of Clinical Services, Federal Psychiatric Hospital, Benin City, Edo, Department of Clinical Services, Federal Psychiatric Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria 2: Professor, Department of Mental Health, University of Benin, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria, Department of Clinical Services, Federal Psychiatric Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria 3: Chief Consultant Psychiatrist, Department of Clinical Services, Federal Psychiatric Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria 4: Consultant Psychiatrist, Department of Clinical Services, Federal Psychiatric Hospital, Benin City, Edo State, Nigeria

Publication date: September 1, 2010

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